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Asylum - Frequently Asked Questions


Can I reschedule my Asylum interview?

Yes, you must either send a letter to the Asylum office where your interview is scheduled to be held or complete a Request to Reschedule Asylum Interview letter at the Asylum office. Your request must be made in writing.


What happens if I fail to appear for my Asylum interview?

If the USCIS does not receive a written explanation for your failure to appear within 15 days after the date of the scheduled interview, your case will either be referred to the Immigration Court or your case will be administratively closed if you are still in valid status. The Asylum Office Director has discretion to reschedule your interview if you provide a reasonable explanation for your failure to appear. If you establish exceptional circumstances for the failure to appear or that the USCIS did not properly notify you of the interview, the USCIS must reschedule your interview.

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How does failure to appear at my Asylum interview affect me?

Failure to appear at your Asylum interview may affect your eligibility to apply for work authorization. You are generally eligible to apply for work authorization 150 days after you submit a complete application to the Service Center if a decision has not been made on your Asylum application. However, if you applied for Asylum on or after January 4, 1995, you will be ineligible for employment authorization if you fail to appear for an interview, unless your failure to appear is excused.


When will I be notified about the decision on my Asylum claim?

In most cases, you will return to the Asylum office where your interview was held two weeks after the interview to pick up your decision. However, there may be longer processing times if you were interviewed at a district office, are currently in valid status, or if your case will be reviewed by Asylum Division Headquarters staff. You will generally receive the decision by mail if any of these circumstances occur.

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