Adoption is defined as the permanent legal transfer of parenting rights and responsibilities from one family to another.
There are several different types of adoptions:
Public: Children in the public child welfare system who are placed in permanent homes by public, government operated agencies or by contracted private agencies
Private agency: Children are placed in non relative homes through the services of a licensed (non profit or for profit) agency
Independent: Children are placed in relatives’ and non-relative homes directly by the birth parents or through the services of either a medical doctor, a member of the clergy, an attorney, or a licensed or unlicensed facilitator
Kinship: Children are placed in relatives’ homes, with or without the services of a public agency
Stepparent: Children are adopted by the spouse of one birth parent